FANDOM  Could the South Island New Zealand have North America tv and channels.Have hockey and baseball.And tv programs.And in Antarctica.To make a deal to build construction and masonry their on that side of the world.If Canadians could have what we have in Ontario and North America in NZ.And in Antarctica.We could have fast food and our stores.

Government and politics

[1][2]The Canterbury Provincial Council Buildings in Christchurch, designed by Benjamin Mountfort.[3][4]Edward John Eyre, the Lieutenant-Governor of New Munster.The South Island has no separately represented country subdivision and is guaranteed 16 of the electorates in the New Zealand House of Representatives. A two-tier structure constituted under the Local Government Act 2002 gives the South Island seven regional councils for the administration of regional environmental and transport matters and 25 territorial authorities that administer roads, sewerage, building consents, and other local matters. Four of the territorial councils (one city and three districts) also perform the functions of a regional council and are known as unitary authorities.

When New Zealand was separated from the colony of New South Wales in 1841 and established as a Crown colony in its own right, the Royal Charter effecting this provided that "the principal Islands, heretofore known as, or commonly called, the 'Northern Island', the 'Middle Island', and 'Stewart's Island', shall henceforward be designated and known respectively as 'New Ulster', 'New Munster', and 'New Leinster'".

These divisions were at first of geographical significance only, not used as a basis for the government of the colony, which was centralised in Auckland. New Munster consisted of the South Island and the southern portion of the North Island, up to the mouth of the Patea River. The name New Munster was given by the Governor of New Zealand, Captain William Hobson, in honour of Munster, the Irish province in which he was born.

The situation was altered in 1846 when the New Zealand Constitution Act 1846.[40] divided the colony into two provinces: New Ulster Province (the North Island), and New Munster Province (the South Island and Stewart Island). Each province had a Governor and Legislative and Executive Council, in addition to the Governor-in-Chief and Legislative and Executive Council for the whole colony. However, the 1846 Constitution Act was later suspended, and only the Provincial government provisions were implemented. Early in 1848 Edward John Eyre was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Munster. In 1851 the Provincial Legislative Councils were permitted to be partially elective.

The Provincial Council of New Munster had only one legislative session, in 1849, before it succumbed to the virulent attacks of settlers from Wellington. Governor Sir George Grey, sensible to the pressures, inspired an ordinance of the General Legislative Council under which new Legislative Councils would be established in each province with two-thirds of their members elected on a generous franchise. Grey implemented the ordinance with such deliberation that neither Council met before advice was received that the United Kingdom Parliament had passed the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852.

This act dissolved these provinces in 1853, after only seven years' existence, and New Munster was divided into the provinces of Canterbury, Nelson, and Otago. Each province had its own legislature known as a Provincial Council that elected its own Speaker and Superintendent.

Secession movements have surfaced several times in the South Island. A Premier of New Zealand, Sir Julius Vogel, was amongst the first people to make this call, which was voted on by the Parliament of New Zealand as early as 1865. The desire for the South Island to form a separate colony was one of the main factors in moving the capital of New Zealand from Auckland to Wellington that year.

Several South Island nationalist groups have emerged over recent years including the South Island Party with a pro-South agenda, fielded candidates in the 1999 General Election. Today, several internet based groups advocate their support for greater self determination.[41]

On 13 October 2010, South Island Mayors led by Bob Parker of Christchurch displayed united support for a Southern Mayoral Council. Supported by Waitaki Mayor Alex Familton and Invercargill Mayor Tim Shadbolt, Bob Parker said that increased cooperation and the forming of a new South Island-wide mayoral forum were essential to representing the island's interests in Wellington and countering the new Auckland Council.[42]

In February 2012, the South Island Strategic Alliance (SISA) involving nearly all the Councils of the South Island was formed. This group is made up of elected representatives and senior management from 12 councils and the Department of Internal Affairs. It will examine potential projects where there are real and achievable benefits, for example in roads, information technology and library services and then allocate the project to a group of willing council CEOs for progression.[43]

Administrative divisions

[5][6]Animated timeline map of New Zealand showing provincial boundaries, 1841 - 1876.====Local government regions==== There are seven local government regions covering the South Island and all its adjacent islands and territorial waters. Four are governed by an elected regional council, while three are governed by territorial authorities (the second tier of local government) which also perform the functions of a regional council and thus are known as unitary authorities. There is one exception to this, Nelson City, is governed by an individual Territorial authority to its region (Tasman Region). The Chatham Islands Council is often counted by many as a unitary authority, but it is officially recognised as a part of the region of Canterbury.

Territorial authorities

There are 23 territorial authorities within the South Island: 4 city councils and 19 district councils. Four territorial authorities (Nelson City Council, Tasman and the Marlborough District Councils) also perform the functions of a regional council and thus are known as unitary authorities.

Name Seat Area (km2)[44] Population[12] Density (per km2) Region(s)
Ashburton District Ashburton 6,208 30,600 4.93 Canterbury
Buller District Westport 7,950 10,150 1.28 West Coast
Central Otago District Alexandra 9,966 18,550 1.86 Otago
Christchurch City Christchurch 1,610[13] 363,200 225.59 Canterbury
Clutha District Balclutha 6,406 17,350 2.71 Otago
Dunedin City Dunedin 3,340 126,900 37.99 Otago
Gore District Gore 1,251 12,250 9.79 Southland
Grey District Greymouth 3,516 13,850 3.94 West Coast
Hurunui District Amberley 8,661 11,500 1.33 Canterbury
Invercargill City Invercargill 491 52,900 107.74 Southland
Kaikoura District Kaikoura 2,050 3,790 1.85 Canterbury
Mackenzie District Fairlie 7,442 4,090 0.55 Canterbury
Marlborough District Blenheim 12,484 45,700 3.66 unitary authority
Nelson City Nelson 445 46,600 104.72 unitary authority
Queenstown-Lakes District Queenstown 9,368 29,200 3.12 Otago
Selwyn District Rolleston 6,557 42,300 6.45 Canterbury
Southland District Invercargill 32,605[14] 29,800 0.91 Southland
Tasman District Richmond 9,786 48,400 4.95 unitary authority
Timaru District Timaru 2,726 44,900 16.47 Canterbury
Waimakariri District Rangiora 2,216 49,200 22.20 Canterbury
Waimate District Waimate 3,577 7,660 2.14 Canterbury
Waitaki District Oamaru 7,212 20,900 2.90 Canterbury (59.61%)

Otago (40.39%)

Westland District Hokitika 11,870 8,900 0.75 West Coast
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